Engineering is the intelligent application of knowledge gained from science, mathematics, economics, and practical experience in various fields of practical interest. Engineering helps to invent, design, build, maintain, and improve all types of structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes.
Civil engineering is the engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of public works such as buildings, roads, bridges, water and energy systems as well as public facilities like ports, railways and airports.
Civil engineering is all about people. It's the work that civil engineers do to develop and improve the services and facilities that general people use in their everyday life.
Civil engineers deals with almost every aspects of our everyday lives. From the water you use to brush your teeth in the morning to the road you drive on to work and the school where you take your children to the power that charges your cell phone.
In the 18th century, the term civil engineering was introduced to incorporate all things civilian as opposed to military engineering. The first self-proclaimed civil engineer was John Smeaton, who constructed the Eddystone Lighthouse.
Contribution of Civil Engineers:
General people may not realize the huge contributions made by civil engineers to the society. By developing the infrastructure for our society, civil engineers are basically giving shape to the history of a nation. Only by going deep into the duties that civil engineers do, one can understand the importance of their job and their many responsibilities.
Civil engineering has played a vital role in increasing the health and quality of life, from developing better water supplies, municipal sewer systems, waste water treatment plants, to the design of buildings to protect us from natural hazards and provide health care, to improved agriculture through water resource development and distribution projects to rapid and dramatic changes in transportation systems, civil engineers have developed the basic infrastructure on which modern society depends. Civil engineers were the first engineers and continue to be dedicated to technology development for the common good and the public.
Civil Engineering Subdivisions/ Branches:
Civil Engineering, the mother of all engineering, is the oldest, broadest, most simple and useful of all engineering discipline. As Civil Engineering is related to every aspect of human life, it deals with a very large field. To make it simplified Civil Engineering is divided into the following sub-categories or fields.
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Civil Engineering Associations:
The main objective of CIVIL Engineering associations is to safeguard the profession of translators and interpreters; to promote among its members the principles of professional competence and decorum by organizing initiatives and activities; to 'train' clients by explaining the specificities of the translation and interpreting market and providing information on the Civil Engineering profession.