Partition-walls are a significant component of a building design. Without partition walls, a building’s design cannot be decorative or structured. Therefore, we need to know about the detail of partition walls, types, functions, and advantages.
What is a Partition Wall?
A partition wall defined as a wall or division made up of bricks, studding, glass or other such material and provided for dividing from one room to another room.
Partition Wall can be constructed as a load-bearing wall or non-load bearing wall. The load-bearing partition wall is known as the internal wall. These internal walls do not carry any weight. Sometimes partition wall may be folded, collapsible, or fixed type. Partition wall or walls can be constructed in various shapes like –thin, light, or thick, heavy, etc. Mainly, these walls' requirements are based on building materials and design.
Types of Partition Walls
Nowadays, a building has multi-rooms and the partition walls divide these rooms. To occupy room privacy and service, partition walls are the best choice and maybe constructed for various purposes in different types and shapes. However, depending on building materials, design, and requirements, partition walls can be of different types. Such as:
- Brick partitions wall
- Hollow & Clay brick partition wall
- Glass partitions wall
- Concrete partitions wall
- Straw board partitions
- Plaster slab partition wall
- Metal lath partition wall
- A.C. sheet or G.I. sheet partitions wall
- Wooden partition wall
- Timber partitions
- Double glazed window
- Asbestos cement partitions
Brick Partition Wall
Brick Partition walls are only made of plain bricks and can be three types. Such as- Reinforced Bricks, bricks-nogged, or hollow bricks. The height of the plain brick partition of half brick stiffness is not more than 2m. Reinforced brick partition wall reinforces the form of wire mesh or hoop iron or steel bars. Brick-noggin partition wall consists of brickwork built up within a schema of wooden members. Brick partition is non-flammable and soundproof.
Hollow & Clay Brick Partition Wall
Hollow concrete block partitions are designed for individual units of concrete. Clay blocks used are well ready from clay or earthenware, and that they are either solids or hollow. Hollow clay blocks of section 30*20 cm with thickness varied from five cm to 15 cm can even be used. The blocks are supplied with grooves on prime, bottom and sides, surfaces are kept glazed in several colures. They do not modify their volume and are in lighter in weight. These varieties of walls are light-weight, rigid, economical, strong, and fireplace resistant.
It may be either formed or solid unmoved. Special concrete posts are used for the development of formed concrete partition walls solid in place walls, 10 cm thick and below, their social control consisting of soft-cast steel bars placed within the center of the wall thickness. The concrete combine 1:2:4.
Glass Partition Walls
Glass partition walls are made up of sheet or hollow glass blocks. It provides sensible aesthetics, permits light-weight. This kind of walls is damp, sound, and warmth proof, simple to wash and maintain. During this partition walls, sheets of glass are fastened within the framework of wood or metal. Hollow blocks don’t want timber framework.
Straw Board Partitions
Straw Board partition walls are useful where the transference of partitions is frequent. This type of partition walls is made of compressed straw-covered thick paper or hardboard. Straw board partition walls are heat-sound proof and easy to construct.
Plaster slab Partition Wall
Plaster slab partition walls are manufactured from burnt mineral or plaster of paris, mixed with wood. This sort of partition walls is 5cm to 10cm thick slabs that are ready in iron or timber molds. Within the plaster slabs, appropriate grooves are provided to create rigid joints. During this partition walls, nails and screws are often simply driven into these slabs,
Metal Lath Partition Wall
Metal lath partition walls are skinny, strong, durable, and inconsiderably incombustible. It needs a framework of steel or timber for fixing it in position. Lath is tied by galvanized iron wire to soft-cast steel bars or channels spaced 15 to 30 cm apart. It will be plastered on both sides and maybe improved insulation against heat and sound. The metal lath and plaster partition walls-cavity. Metal lath on either side of specially formed steel channels spaced at 30 to 45 cm apart. The channels are usually 3 to 10cm deep.
C. sheet or G.I. sheet partitions Wall
These partition walls are economical, light-weight and rigid if created properly. It is fastened to the border of wood or steel. each slab consists of core or furrowed asbestos cement sheet (5mm) with the plain asbestos cement sheet (10mm) connected to that on either facet.
Wooden Partition Wall
Wooden partition walls are lighter in weight and simple to construct, neither sound-proof nor fire-proof. This partition wall is not appropriate for damp locations. Wood partition walls are two types –
- Common Partitions
- Trussed Partitions.
Common partitions are comprised of vertical members referred to as studs bridged between the higher horizontal (head) and lower horizontal (sill) member. Trussed partitions are designed on the principle of the truss are helpful wherever it is attainable to produce solely.
Timber partitions are the wood framework that is supported on the ground below or by sidewalls. The framework consists of a rigid arrangement of timber members, which can be plastered or lined with boarding etc from each the sides. It is not noncombustible.
Asbestos Cement Partitions
Asbestos cement partitions are lightweight in weight, impervious, durable, watertight and fire-proof. Asbestos cement sheets are the produce of asbestos cement sheets and fixed into the timber framework. Sheets are fixed in position and associated with cement adhesive. They are largely adopted in works of a transitory character.
Double Glazed Window
A double-glazed window is employed for acoustic insulation. During this window, air capacity between two panes is kept 50mm or a lot of. The air contained among the slender cavity is sort of ‘stiff’ and transmits vibration at low frequencies.