Prestressed concrete is a construction material that is made by adding steel to the concrete mix, which gives it added strength and stability. Prestressed concrete is often used for beams and columns, as well as for floor and roof slabs in prestressed concrete buildings. It is also commonly used for making precast concrete products such as wall panels and stairs. In this article, all major applications of prestressed concrete are discussed.
Applications of Prestressed Concrete
The followings are the major applications of prestressed concrete.
1. Construction of Bridges:
Prestressed concrete has many applications in the construction of bridges. The most common use is in the construction of pre-stressed concrete box girder bridges, where the concrete is pre-stressed in the factory before being transported to the bridge site. This type of bridge is very strong and durable and is often used in the construction of long-span bridges.
Prestressed concrete is also used in the construction of cable-stayed bridges. In this type of bridge, the precast concrete deck slab is supported by a series of cables that are connected to towers. The cables are pre-stressed in the factory before being installed on the bridge. This type of bridge is very strong and can span long distances.
2. Construction of Buildings:
Prestressed concrete is a construction material that is commonly used in the construction of buildings. This type of concrete is made by adding steel to the concrete mix, which gives it added strength and stability. Prestressed concrete is often used for beams and columns, as well as for floor and roof slabs in prestressed concrete buildings. It is also commonly used for making precast concrete products such as wall panels and stairs.
3. Construction of Parking Structures:
Prestressed concrete is widely used in the construction of parking structures because of the benefits it provides. These benefits include the ability to resist deflection and movement during seismic events, the ability to resist corrosion, and the ability to resist wind and water damage. Additionally, prestressed concrete can provide a permanent foundation for the structure, which eliminates the need for regular maintenance.
4. Construction of Storage Tanks:
Prestressed concrete is commonly used in the construction of storage tanks. The advantage of using prestressed concrete tanks is that they can be designed to resist the internal pressure of the tank contents. This results in a lighter and thinner wall, which reduces the overall weight of the tank. In addition, prestressed concrete tanks can be designed to resist external forces, such as wind and earthquake loading, that can cause a tank to fail.
5. Rail Tracks:
Prestressed concrete sleepers or crossbeams or bars are used in rail tracks. Prestressed concrete has many advantages over other materials for constructing rail tracks. It is extremely strong and durable and is less likely to be damaged by weathering or other environmental factors. Prestressed concrete is also less likely to be damaged by the weight of trains passing over it, and can be designed to minimize the effects of vibration.
Prestressed concrete is an ideal material for sewers because it is extremely strong and durable. It can withstand the high pressures and loads that are typically exerted on sewer systems. Additionally, prestressed concrete is resistant to corrosion and will not degrade over time.
7. Storing Grains:
Prestressed concrete is a useful material for constructing grain storage facilities. The material's high strength and durability make it ideal for structures that must withstand the weight and forces of grain storage. Prestressed concrete can be used to construct the walls, floors, and ceilings of grain storage prestressed concrete buildings, as well as the support structures for grain storage tanks.
8. Telephone and Electricity Transmission Lines:
Prestressed concrete is widely used in telephone and electricity transmission lines for its high strength and durability. The concrete is able to withstand the heavy loads imposed by the weight of the transmission lines and the forces generated by the movement of the lines.
9. Concrete Pavements:
Prestressed concrete is used in concrete pavements to improve their strength and durability. The pavement is first pre-stressed with high-strength cables or rods, and then concrete is poured over the top. The prestressed concrete helps to resist the forces of traffic and weathering and extends the life of the pavement.
10. Concrete Piles:
Prestressed concrete is often used in concrete piles because it can increase the load-bearing capacity of the piles. Prestressing the concrete allows for a more efficient transfer of loads from the concrete to the piles, which results in a higher load-bearing capacity. Additionally, prestressed concrete can help to prevent cracking and other types of damage that can occur in concrete piles. Precast Pre-stressed Centrifugal concrete piles (PHC Piles) are made using prestressed high-performance concrete.