In construction, the water-to-cement ratio, often understood as (w/c), is crucial because it affects how long a building will last and how strong it will be. A water-to-cement ratio of 0.4 signifies that 40 pounds of water are to be added for every 100 pounds of cement. Continue reading to know and understand more about the various types of concrete mix ratios.

What Is The Concrete Mix Ratio?

The fraction of the ingredients that go into a concrete mix, like sand, water, aggregates, and cement, is referred to as the ratio. 

How to choose the appropriate ratio? 

Concrete mixes are classified here into grades like M30, M35, M40, and more by IS 456-2000. M stands for the mix, and the numeral represents the mix's strength in N/mm2 post its 28th day.

What Are The Four Kinds Of Concrete Mix Ratios?

Consider these various concrete mix ratios and associated grades:

  1. High Durability Concrete Mix Ratio

The water-to-cement ratio, sand aggregates, and cement, which must have a strength of at least 40 MPa, are all important factors in the mix design of high-strength concrete. To have adequate strength and optimum compaction, it should have a low w/c ratio.

  1. The ratio of the Designed Concrete Mix

In this type of mix, the producer lists the ingredient ratios while the designer lists the concrete's performance. However, the required amount of cement is poured. This kind of concrete mix ratio is practical and logical. It is also affordable. 


The mix strength of this kind of concrete is affected by a number of elements, including

  • Compression power
  • Workability
  • Durability
  • Aggregate nominal size at its maximum
  • Grading and aggregate type
  • Quality assurance


  1. The Purported Ratio Of Concrete Mix

In order to create concrete according to specifications, particular ratios of cement and both fine and coarse blends have to be used. These are referred to as nominal mixes. Also under typical conditions, they have a margin of durability above the given amount. However, due to the wide range of its constituents, its workability varies considerably.

  1. Standard Ratio of Concrete Mix

The cement and aggregate mixtures might be under or even over-rich and have a wide range of strengths. This resulted in the code defining the standard mix ratio, or minimum compressive strength for concrete mixes.  Concrete mix ratios for grades M40, M35, M30, M20, M15, and M10 were prescribed by IS 456-2000. 


When mixing concrete, specific proportioning and ingredient selection requirements must be met. They must meet the following criteria:

  • Least compressive strength.
  • Sufficient reliability and compacting equipment are required to get full compaction.
  • To achieve durability, use the highest cement content or water-to-cement ratio possible.
  • Maximum cement content to prevent temperature-related cracking.



  1. What is the ideal concrete mix ratio?

The ratio of cement, sand and crushed rock in safe concrete is 4:2:1. Depending on how convenient it is to mix concrete, the ratio can be mixed on any range of scales.


  1. What ratio of concrete mix is used for slabs?

Cement, sand, and coarse aggregates are used in a ratio of 1:2:4 to create a concrete slab. To create the ideal slab, the concrete mix must be laid within 30 minutes of mixing.


  1. What is the volume ratio of the concrete mix?

A basic mortar mixture can be created by mixing equal parts water, cement, and sand in a ratio of 1:2:3. This blend is used in the majority of student activities. Another dated "rule of thumb" for concrete mixtures is that cement, sand, and gravel should be divided by volume by 1:2:3.



Please note that the information in is designed to provide general information on the topics presented. The information provided should not be used as a substitute for professional services.