Pile and Pier foundations are two different types of deep foundation used in construction. To choose between these two types of deep foundations a foundation engineer must know the differences between them. The main differences between pier and pile foundation are given below.

Difference Between Pile and Pier Foundation
 Pile FoundationPier Foundation
1 In pile foundation, the loads are transferred by means of vertical timber, concrete or steel. Pier foundation consists of cylindrical columns to support and transfer large superimposed loads to firm strata.
2 Piles are driven through the overburden soils into the load-bearing strata. Piers are drilled with the drill machine.
3 Pile foundations transfer the load through friction (in case of friction piles) or through both friction and bearing ( in case of combined end bearing and friction piles). Pier foundations transfer load through bearing only.
4 Pile foundations are of great depth. Pier foundations are of shallow depth.
5 Pile Foundation exists where there are no firm strata at reachable depth and the loading is uneven Pier foundation are used where top strata consist of decomposed rock, stiff clays.
6 The types of pile foundation are end-bearing piles, friction piles, compaction piles, anchor piles, tension or uplift piles, sheet and batter piles etc. The types of pier foundations are masonry or concrete piers and drilled caissons.
7 Pile foundation is required to resist greater loads like a load of bridge or flyover. Pier foundations are required for small loading.

keywords: difference between pile and pier foundation, Difference Between Pile and Pier support, Piers vs. Piles, Pier vs Pile, Piles vs. Piers, Whats the difference between a pile and a pier used in foundations, What is the difference between pile foundation and pier foundation


Please note that the information in Civiltoday.com is designed to provide general information on the topics presented. The information provided should not be used as a substitute for professional services.

Subscribe Us

To get regular update and new article notification please subscribe us.