Concrete is a composite material made of aggregates (stone, sand) which are held together by an adhesive material. Cement is one kind of adhesive or binding material which binds the aggregates of concrete altogether. So, cement is an element of concrete. Asphalt can also be used as a binding material instead of cement.
Cement vs Concrete
In the following table the main differences between cement and concrete are given:
Cement is an adhesive or binding material.
Read more: What is Cement?
Concrete is a composite material which is the mixture of coarse & fine aggregates and a binding material like asphalt or cement.
Read more: What is Concrete?
Ingredients of cement are Lime, Alumina, Silica, Magnesia, Iron oxide, Calcium Sulfate, Sulfur Trioxide, and Alkaline.
Read more: 8 Main Cement Ingredients & Their Functions
Ingredients of concrete are stone, sand, and cement. Stone and sand are used to provide strength. Adhesive materials like cement, lime, asphalt are used to glue the aggregates. Sometimes admixtures also used to control the time of settlement.
Read more: Composition of Concrete
|3||Working Mechanism|| |
When cement is mixed with water, a hydration reaction occurs and forms hardened cement paste. During the hydration two reactions take place. The first reaction causes the cement to set. Then the second reaction causes the cement to harden and forms tobomite gel. Tobomite gel is the main bonding material that glued the aggregates altogether.
A combination of coarse and fine aggregate is used. Fine aggregates are used to fill the voids of the coarse aggregate. Cement or asphalt is used to bind those aggregates. Proper gradation of coarse and fine aggregates is necessary to achieve strength. The water-cement ratio is one of the important factors for concrete. Concrete gains strength with time.
Cement is used to hold the aggregates of concrete altogether.
Read more: 9 Uses of Cement
Concrete is used to provide compressive strength to the building elements like slab, beam, column, footing, etc.
Read more: 25 Different Uses of Concrete
Followings are the types of cement:
Click on any of the types to read more.
Based on the variations in materials and purposes, concrete can be classified into three basic categories-
In general, there are four concrete sorts to settle on from counting on the work being done. Such as-
There are various types of concrete for different applications that are created by changing the proportions of the main ingredients. Such as:
Read more: Types of Concrete